Rostechnadzor issues license to build world’s first experimental demonstration power unit with BREST-OD-300 fast reactor
On February 10, 2021, Alexey Aleshin, Chairman of Federal Environmental, Industrial and Nuclear Supervision Service (Rostechnadzor), signed a license to SKhK for the construction of the world’s first experimental demonstration power unit with a lead-cooled fast neutron reactor.
The experimental demonstration power unit BREST-OD-300 is a key element of the pilot demonstration power complex, which also includes a module for fabrication/re-fabrication of mixed nitride uranium-plutonium nuclear fuel, as well as a module for processing irradiated fuel. The complex will enable the creation of a closed on-site nuclear fuel cycle, which will make it possible not only to generate electricity, but also to prepare new fuel from the fuel removed from the reactor core.
During the period of safety review for the pilot demonstration power unit, new federal regulations and rules were developed, taking into account the specifics of the project: “Requirements for design and safe operation of reactor unit vessel, equipment and pipelines of a nuclear installation with a lead coolant,” “Requirements for justifying the strength of reactor unit vessel, equipment and pipelines of nuclear installations with lead coolant.” Sixteen Rosatom standards were approved and put into effect, detailing the requirements and ensuring that all the features of the BREST-OD-300 power unit are taken into account.